If you’ve consumed CBD, it’s most likely happened to you to ask yourself, “how is CBD oil made?” After all, in case you’re ingesting something, it’s a keen plan to comprehend what you’re taking.
There are four distinct procedures that producers can use to make CBD oil. Contingent upon the strategy they choose, the product itself will have unique attributes.
While assessing the confounding cluster of CBD items available, you’ll have the option to limit your choice just by realizing which procedure has been utilized. For instance, if you want to guarantee that you’re taking unadulterated CBD with no THC present, at that point you’ll need to take CBD made with the isolated technique.
What every one of these procedures does share practically speaking is that there are various stages associated with separating CBD oil from the hemp plant and afterward refining it for utilization. At times, it can take a while to have a completed item. At Smoke Alley, we use best in class supercritical CO2 extraction strategies, however, for information’s sake, we’ll cover techniques we don’t use here also.
The Overall CBD Oil-Making Process
Firstly, the purity of the plant must be tested to verify the THC content is below .3% and that the CBD content will be consistent with any labeling claims.
Then, proceed to extracting the oil. The flowers will be grounded to increase their surface area. The crushed flowers are placed in an extraction machine, where a solvent (usually either CO2 or ethanol) dissolves the required extracts at very high-pressure levels.
The next stage is waxing and filtration. Here, the oil gets dissolved again in a food-grade solvent. Wax, fat, and other purities are filtered out to increase the potency of the oil. The concentration will depend on the solution that’s being prepared.
Some of the filtration methods commonly used include vacuum filtration, wintered filtration, gravity filtration, or pour-through filtration. This step may be repeated once or many times to reach the desired purity level.
Wintered filtration, also referred to as winterization, isn’t always necessary. It’s needed when the oil was extracted “supercritically,” meaning at high pressure or high temperature. Because the temperature or pressure was so elevated during the extraction process, the product at this point is crude and will contain a lot of impurities that need to be filtered out.
Then, the solution is distilled to remove final impurities and extract only the purest CBD and desired cannabinoids.
Once this process is complete, the CBD is ready to be isolated. A purity goal is kept in mind (often at least 99.5%), and similar to the filtration process, the isolation procedure may also be repeated.
CBD Oil Production Methods
Depending on the method of production, the solvents and equipment used in the manufacturing process will differ. There are four methods used today. Each has advantages, though the CO2 extraction process tends to be looked at the most favorably by consumers and connoisseurs.
CBD Whole Plant Extract Method
This method is also known as full-range, this technique is common among individuals searching for the “entourage impact.” What this implies is that the CBD product will contain a few properties of the plant, not simply the CBD detaches. The last product could incorporate some THC, however, to be sold as hemp CBD, the limit is under 0.3%.
Some believe that consuming all the smaller-scale elements of the natural hemp plant, and not simply the segregated CBD, will yield more advantage. The hypothesis is like getting your supplements from nourishment versus a nutrient that separates just a few attributes of the food source.
In this process, only the pure CBD is extracted. Everything else is filtered out. People who are looking for a THC-free experience tend to prefer isolates.
Also known as supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, CO2 is a relatively new process that uses carbon dioxide as a solvent. This is a favorable alternative to a chemical process and is used in the food industry for items like coffee and omega-3 oil.
While this process is expensive, it produces the highest quality and purest product, and that’s why it’s our extraction method of choice at Smoke Alley.
This process uses ethanol to extract the CBD from the cannabis plant. It’s faster than the CO2 extraction technique, and it doesn’t require specialized equipment. However, given that ethanol is flammable, there’s some risk when making CBD oil this way.
Choose Smoke Alley CBD
Understanding how CBD is oil is produced and what to look for on a label can protect you as a consumer and also help you select the best product for your needs. Though CBD is accepted in the US, it is not yet regulated in a meaningful way to protect your health and interests.
Knowing that a product was made in a reputable facility and tested in a third-party lab will help ensure that you get what you pay for. You can rest assured on both counts that’s what you’ll get with our products.